Authors : Harney, N.V.
Page Nos : 52-58
Macrophytes are the conspicuous plants that dominate wetlands, shallow lakes, and streams. Macroscopic flora include the aquatic angiosperms (flowering plants), pteridophytes (ferns), and bryophytes (mosses, hornworts, and liverworts). In lakes macrophytes provide cover for fish and substrate for aquatic invertebrates, produce oxygen, and act as food for some fish and wildlife. Macrophytes is an important factors for helping in maintaining ecological balance. Aquatic macrophytes play a pivotal role in maintaining primary productivity of water ecosystem. Aquatic macrophytes includes a vast majority of aquatic vascular plants. They are found mainly in the shallow regions of ponds, lakes, rivers, swamps and streams etc. They are of considerable ecological and economical importance. The present paper describes the macrophytes biodiversity of Waigaon Tukum lake near Bhadrawati of Chandrapur district of Maharashtra State from January 2015 to December 2017 in which 26 species representing 17 families belonging to 08 groups such as 03 Submerged floating weeds, 03 Rooted floating leaves weeds, 01 Rooted emergent with heterophile weeds, 06 Free floating suspended submerged, 03 Rooted submerged hydrophytes, 07 Emergent weeds, 02 Submerged weeds and 01 Anchored floating weeds.