Authors : Sharada K. Ulhe- Deshmukh
Page Nos : 40-44
Ocimum americanum plant was collected from Panjabrao Deshmukh Krushi vidyapeeth (PDKV) forest of Nagpur district. This plant belongs to family -Lamiaceae and is commonly known as “Subja” which is wild, evergreen, perennial herb; showing creeping habit up to 80 cm. Roost is typically tapped root, aerial, and weak herbaceous. Stem shows adventious root on node; stem weak branched, branching recemose as well cymose, young branches angular cylindrical. Leaves covered by hairs, leaves simple, estipulate opposite decussate, sub sessile elliptic lanceolate lamina ovate, unicostate with crenate margin and acute apex gland dotted below. Fresh leaves were shaded dried and 50gm powder is used. To search novel active compounds from plant origin and to access the valuable thereupatic properties with minimum side effects, application of advanced method like GC-MS computational techniques plays an important role in the development of drug of interest. 4 compounds were identified in aerial parts of leaves of Ocimum americanum. Out of the 4 compounds identified in ethanolic extract, 3,3-dimethyl-2-(phenylsenyl)-,2,2,2-trifluoro-1-(9-anthracenyl) ethyl ester. (Butanoic acid), Diacetato[1,2-bis(diclohexylphosphino)ethane, dibromi(E) (tetrakis(trimethylphosphine, 10,10’-diselenodi(Decanoic acid). It was found that the constituents differed in quantity of Ocimum americanum in the Nagpur region which may be due to the local geographical difference. Aromatic oil is found in 5% in 3gm of dry weight of powder of leaves of Ocimum americanum. Conclusion: The effects of O. americanum may delay the development some life threating complications and this work stimulates the researchers for further research on the potential use of this medicinal as well as ethonobotnical plants having pharmaceutical potential.