Authors : Shabana Gulzar, Afrozah Hassan, Irshad A. Nawchoo
Page Nos : 35-41
The Kashmir Himalaya forms a part of the Great Himalayan Range located on the north- west of India, the state of Jammu and Kashmir lies between 32°17’ to 36°26’ N latitude and 73°26’ to 80°30’ E longitude. Kashmir Himalaya is rich in diversity of medicinal plants. The medicinal plants are used for the treatment of different diseases. However due to the anthropogenic pressure the diversity of medicinal plants is decreased. The genus Ajuga L. is distributed in subtropical and temperate regions from Kashmir to Bhutan, Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Malaysia, Western Himalayas, plains of Punjab and Upper Gangetic plains of India. It has worldwide distribution growing under wide variety of soil and climate, but more abundant in Mediterranean regions and in the hills. The present review of literature gives an overview of literature regarding the distribution, taxonomic description and medicinal importance of: Ajuga bracteosa Wall. ex Benth. and Ajuga parviflora Benth.