Authors : Jadhav K. B.٭ and Lohar D. N.
Page Nos : 70-72
Agriculture is important in India for the obvious reasons of its Central centrality given that it accounts for a large share in GDP and larger share in in employment. It shows that climate change could reduce farm income by 16 % and by 22% in unirrigated areas. Maharashtra as one of the most valuable states in the country social and technological indicators. The state has low ‘adaptive capacity’ to climate change. Additionally, studied by Central Research Institute for Dry land Farming says ‘District in Maharashtra and Vidarbha face very high risk to climate change and if no action to take financial implications on account of damages due to climate change wood massive’ Mumbai alone can incur financial damages of as much as Rs. 2 trillion due to climate change related damages. Agriculture sector in India is vulnerable to climate change higher temperature to reduce crop yield and fever weed and paste proliferation. Government of India has initiated various actions to mitigate effects of climate change. Varieties and Cultivators tolerant two abiotic stress and developed under strategic research component of N I C R A district agriculture contingency plan have been prepared by I.C.A.R. C.R.I.D.A Hyderabad for 648 districts in the country to address the adverse weather conditions. At least 80% of the total area under agriculture cultivation is rain fed in the state out of the total 355 Talukas in the state, 122 Taluka received normal rainfall and 226 received deficient rainfall. Only 17 Talukas received excess rainfall. Agriculture is an important sector of Indian economy. Agriculture and fisheries are highly dependent on climate. Increases the temperature and carbon dioxide can increase some crop yields in some places but to realize these benefits. Overall climate change could make it more difficult to grow crops raise, animals and catch fish in the same ways and some places as we have done in the past. We also find that there has been a steady increase in temperature extremities. The number to vary not days as well as the number of dry days has increased, constant with models of climate change which predict increased variability in weather.