Authors : Jadhav S. S* and Matkar L. S.
Page Nos : 156-161
This paper shows the current status of studies on insect (order: Coleoptera) associated mites’ special reference to phoresy from different areas of the world and states of India. Phoresy is a phenomenon of symbiotic association in which transfers of one individual using another animal from one habitat to another. Mites are small microscopic ubiquitous animals that inhabit almost all habitats on earth, while living in these all diverse habitats they greatly adapted to interact with other biotic as well as abiotic components in an ecosystem. Abiotic components like temperature, humidity, and rainfall show an effect on the occurrence of mites as well as host insects in their habitat. Mites show different modes of association with insects like Phoretic (dispersal), Parasitic (hematophagous), Predation and Fungivorous. A coprophagous beetle also plays an important role to maintain and increase the sustainable development of an ecosystem. Dung beetles are feeds and complete their life cycle using cattle dung and they are very easily available transport vehicles in dung manure for phoretic mites. Some mites show morphological adaptation for phoresy. In India, there is very limited research has been conducted on insect associated mites due to its microscopic size as well as sporadic in their habitat thus we initiated a study on phoresy from Ahmednagar, Maharashtra. Some research work in India from West Bengal, Tamil nadu, and Maharashtra were reviewed and at the world level from Canada, Australia, Saudi Arabia, Europe, Malaysia, Turkey, Arizona, Indonesia, Germany, Poland, etc., were studied. This paper revealed that very little research work has been conducted in India as compare to other countries.